No. 01-438

_____________________________________________________________

IN THE

SUPREME COURT OF THE UNITED STATES

_________

JAMES CONSTANT

Petitioner,

v.

COMMISSIONER OF PATENTS

AND TRADEMARKS

Respondent.

_________

On PETITION FOR WRIT Of CERTIORARI

To The UNITED STATES COURT Of APPEALS For The FEDERAL CIRCUIT

_________

PETITION FOR WRIT OF CERTIORARI

_________

James Constant

Pro-per Petitioner

______________________________ i ___________________________

QUESTIONS PRESENTED FOR REVIEW

Did the Federal Circuit review the Patent Office decision impermissibly under the "clearly erroneous" standard of Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 52(a) and thus nullify the "substantial evidence" standard required by 5 USC 706?

Does the "substantial evidence" standard of 5 USC 706 dictate a different outcome of judgment than does the "clearly erroneous" standard of Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 52(a)?

Is the "clearly erroneous" standard of Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 52(a) so vaguely defined making its use inherently arbitrary?

Does the judiciary share with Congress the power to make the "clearly erroneous" standard of Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 52(a)?

Is the "clearly erroneous" standard of Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 52(a) necessary and proper for carrying into execution the power to promote the progress of science?

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

OPINIONS BELOW ......................................... 1

JURISDICTION ............................................... 2

STATUTORY PROVISIONS INVOLVED ..... 2

STATEMENT OF THE CASE ........................ 2

REASONS FOR GRANTING THE WRIT....... 3

A. STANDARDS OF REVIEW .................. 3

Federal Circuit Practice .......................... 4

Differences Between Standards ............. 5

Federal Circuit Nullifies 5 USC 706......... 7

Anomalous Rule 52(a) ............................ 8

B. DIFFERENT OUTCOME DICTATED

BY SUBSTANTIAL EVIDENCE

STANDARD .......................................... 10

Evidence Considered .............................. 10

Evidence Overlooked .............................. 11

Graham Factors Overlooked .................... 12

Legal Conclusions Under 5 USC 706 ...... 15

Objections Overlooked ............................ 16

CONCLUSIONS ............................................ 17

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INDEX TO APPENDIX

A. Decision of the Federal Circuit affirming the PTO's decision of obviousness.

B. Decision of the Federal Circuit denying petitioner's Petition for Rehearing.

C. Decision of Board of Patent Appeals affirming the Examiner's decision of obviousness.

D. Decision of the Board of Patent Appeals granting petitioner's Request for Rehearing but denying the request to make any changes in its decision of obviousness.

 

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